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Dentistry Dentistry, in some form, was practiced since ancient times. By way of example skulls dating from 2900 to 2750 bce include evidence of holes in the jaw in the neighborhood of the roots of a tooth. Such holes are believed to have been drilled to drain abscesses. In addition, accounts of treatment appear in Egyptian scrolls.

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An early attempt at tooth replacement dates to Phoenicia (modern Lebanon) around 600 bce, where lost teeth were replaced with animal teeth and so were jumped into place with cord. True restorative began. Numerous dental ( bridges and dentures of gold are found in Etruscan tombs, which date to approximately 500 bce.

The Greeks practiced some kind of medication, such as tooth extractions, from the time of Hippocrates, around 400 bce. There is evidence that the Chinese practiced some restorative dentistry as early as the year 200 bce, using silver amalgam as fillings.

Get unlimited access to every one of the trusted content of Britannica. Start Your Free Trial Today due to the proscription in the Quran, the sacred scripture of Islam, against mutilating the body, surgery was not practiced in Islamic nations. Rather, reliance was placed upon recovery through the use of medications and herbs .

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Extractions were rare and were done when a tooth was loosened. Development of dentistry in Europe With the passing of the western Roman Empire in regards to the year 475 ce, medication in Europe declined to a torpor that could endure for a million decades. About the only areas where medicine or surgery was practiced were monasteries, and monks were aided in their surgical ministrations by the local barbers, who went to cut on the monks' own hair and shave the monks' beards.

Thus, the men and women who had any basic knowledge of surgery would be the barbers, and they stepped into the breach, calling themselves barber-surgeons. They practiced dentistry, such as extractions and cleaning of teeth. At the 1600s quite a few barber-surgeons started restricting their action to operation and dropped the word"barber," simply calling themselves surgeons.

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In Germany the first book devoted to dentistry was published in 1530 and has been written in German instead of Latin. It addressed surgeons and barber-surgeons, who treated the mouth, rather than university-trained doctors, who ignored all diseases of tooth. Subsequent to this publication, other surgeons printed texts comprising aspects of treatment.

He described and discussed all aspects of treatment and identification including prosthetics, orthodontics , periodontal disease, and oral surgery. Fauchard thus established dentistry because its livelihood and effectively split dentistry from the field of surgery. Fauchard is known as the father of modern dentistry.

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English did not progress as far as French dentistry at the 18th century. With all the surgeons moving their own way had been dissolved in 1745. The first English book on dentistry, The Operator for its Teeth, by Englishman Charles Allen, has been published in 1685; however, no additional works on English dentistry were printed until Thomas Berdmore, dentist to King George III, released his treatise on dental disorders and deformities, in 1768.